The A1C hemoglobin test is a test run by your primary care physician and it measures your average blood sugar (or glucose) level over the past three months. This is completely different from the glucose tests that you run on a daily basis. The tests that you run at home tell you what your blood sugar levels are right at that very moment. The A1C hemoglobin tests determine how much sugar is actually sticking to your red blood cells.
Unfortunately, the majority of adults with diabetes have an average that is way above seven percent. The goal is to reach seven percent or lower. The longer you have high percentages of A1C, the higher risk you have to getting kidney, eye and even nerve disease. These are all severe risks that come with diabetes; however, A1C hemoglobin levels can help to determine just how at risk you are.
In order to lower your A1C, you need to eat a proper diet and begin exercising. Proper eating plans consist of proper portions along with what you are actually eating. For a proper diet, you must eat the proper portions of carbohydrates, proteins, and non-starchy vegetables. (Non-Starchy vegetables include, but are not limited to, green leafy vegetables, broccoli, tomatoes, cauliflower, cucumbers, and carrots.)
Exercise is the other crucial piece in lowering your A1C. If you are not already exercising, you need to implement a 20-30 minute exercise plan into your daily routine. Even if this means you take a 10-minute walk three times a day. If you have already implemented this routine and you still have a high A1C, talk to your health care provider about exercise alternatives.
The A1C hemoglobin test is the best way for a doctor to know if you are managing your sugar intake and glucose levels. Daily monitoring of your glucose levels, will give you an idea as to whether or not your A1C hemoglobin levels will be high or low. If your daily results are normal to low, then your A1C hemoglobin levels will be around seven percent or lower. If you have high daily readings, then your A1C hemoglobin levels will be high.
If you see that your daily testing is producing high results, start managing your glucose level closer. Start tracking exactly what you are eating and what your glucose level is before and after you eat that food. Also start tracking activities (i.e. walking, running, vacuuming, laundry) and your blood sugar levels prior to and preceding the activity.
This may seem a bit monotonous but it will give you and your practitioner an idea as to what is going wrong with your treatment. Keeping this type of log is the only true way to know what specific foods and activities are doing to your blood sugar levels. Say, for example, that you eat carrots three times a week. In addition, every time you eat them your blood sugar levels spike. This is not a normal reaction to carrots; therefore, it gives you and your doctor great insight. Stop eating carrots or eat less of them.
If you already have diabetes, you should have an A1C hemoglobin test twice a year at a bare minimum. You should already be tracking your daily glucose levels but you may want to seriously consider being more strict about your routine. Take these precautions before you have high A1C hemoglobin levels. It will help to prevent long-term negative effects on your body.