Type 2 Diabetes – What Is Hyperlipidemia?
Type 2 diabetes is a disease wrought with numerous medical complications. These complications can range in intensity from low blood sugar or hypoglycemia, to nerve damage, memory loss, dementia, heart disease and strokes. But a common complication has to do with the fat in the bloodstream. It is called hyperlipidemia.
Simply put, hyperlipidemia is high triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the blood. When broken down, hyperlipidemia is based on the multiple characteristics of a protein. This condition refers to an elevated level of lipoproteins that are present in the blood. Lipoproteins are particles that are fat-soluble and are used to transport the fat in capsules through the body by way of the bloodstream. The overall size of the capsule determines its level of density and, in turn, the density determines the level of fat and protein that is present. Those with more fat than protein will be larger and less dense.
So how does this relate to Type 2 diabetes? Have you ever heard of the "bad" cholesterol, or LDL? Well, LDL stands for low-density lipoproteins. These leave fat deposits in the walls of arteries and create a building block for heart disease and stroke. On the other hand, HDL, or "good" cholesterol carries cholesterol to the liver.
There is a strong connection between heart disease and Type 2 diabetes so the link concern cholesterol is just as apparent. Triglycerides are one of the most important factors here since they represent the way your body stores fat for energy when needed. Type 2 diabetics are notorious for developing hyperlipidemia due to the issues as they refer to triglycerides.
Diabetics not only have to be concerned with sugar levels, but fat levels, also. If there is an increased risk of developing heart disease then several issues are occurring. Triglycerides are molecules of fat in the blood … insulin resistance causes the liver to make more VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, which is the main carrier of triglycerides in the blood. Therefore, many Type 2 diabetics have elevated levels of both VLDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Elevated triglycerides are a determined risk factor for heart disease.
For triglyceride levels to be this high, it also stands to reason that the individual is not exercising regularly. This is important for any individual, but especially important for a diabetic where certain conditions can be more pronounced than in an individual who does not have the disease. Exercise lowers triglycerides.
The big decision to make is to start or increase exercising. Reducing your intake of fats and carbohydrates is also important. The point here is to reduce your triglyceride and LDL levels in order to keep your liver from being overloaded.